Your thermostat is the primary controlling system that runs your HVAC systems. If there’s no power to thermostat wires, you need to resolve the problem ASAP.
Your thermostat not getting power means that the ambient temperature of your home or commercial space cannot be controlled.
The micro-computer in the thermostat can no longer communicate with or monitor the HVAC systems. Not only can the temperature of your interiors go haywire, but you also risk fires or other hazards.
This is why you should call in a professional technician and figure out the reason for the problem.
5 Reasons why there’s no power to thermostat wires
1. You may have turned off the thermostat accidentally.
Before we move on to fixing the issue, let’s talk about how to determine that there’s no power to thermostat wires. The first and obvious sign is that the digital or touch-screen panel on the device has gone blank.
If the display does not show any numbers or information, the next step is to check if the gadget is turned on. Although the possibility is rare, there have been instances when homeowners accidentally turned off the thermostat.
You might have bumped into it, or the kids or pets might have thrown a ball or toy at the device. Try turning it on again and see if it powers up. If it doesn’t, press a few other buttons and check for a response.
No luck? Okay, read ahead.
2. The device may be faulty, so thermostat is not getting power.
Now that you have figured out that there’s no power to thermostat wires, pull out the user’s manual. Find the Troubleshooting page and see if there are any instructions you can follow. Of course, the first thing to check is if the device is broken.
If you have only just set up a new thermostat, the chances are that the installation is faulty. Or, the device is not functioning as it should.
Since most devices come with a warranty, you might want to contact the dealer for information on what to do next.
3. The batteries may have died in your battery-operated thermostat.
Modern-day thermostats are mini-computer-controlled devices that you can configure using your smartphone, laptop, or tablet.
But for them to function, they need to connect to a low-voltage power source. Or, have batteries installed for power. One of the reasons for no power to thermostat could be that the batteries have died. Replacing them should resolve the problem instantly.
Most thermostats indicate that they have a low battery by lighting up the relevant icon. Replacing AA alkaline or 3-volt lithium batteries should do the trick.
You might also want to check the manual for instructions on the proper batteries to use. If your thermostat is not battery-operated, give it a few minutes.
The device could be recharging and show a blank display for a short time before starting up again. If that doesn’t resolve the problem, move on to the next step.
4. The C wire may have come loose or disconnected.
When figuring out how to test thermostat wires for power, understand that the R wires power thermostats.
Also called Hot wires, the R wires supply electricity from the furnace or your HVAC system and relay it into the thermostat. Should you pop out the faceplate and examine the circuit below it, you will also see the C wire.
This C wire is the Common wire that regulates power to the thermostat and ensures that it functions without interruptions.
Oftentimes, the reason for no power to thermostat wires is that the wires have come loose or disconnected. Since thermostats are installed on the wall, frequent vibrations or heavy traffic in the building can dislodge already loosened wires.
Your electrician will examine the box and reattach the wire to have the system functioning again. Rodents and pets chewing up the wires can also result in the thermostat not getting power.
5. The circuit breaker may have tripped or the fuse may have blown.
A tripped circuit breaker or blown fuse could also be the reason why there’s no power to thermostat wires. There can be several causes, like, for instance, an unexpected power surge because of which the breaker has tripped.
Unless there’s a significant problem with the circuit, flipping on the switch should restore power to the thermostat. If the fuse is blown, replacing it could resolve the problem.
Keep in mind that your thermostat draws low voltage power from the HVAC system or furnace. Any short circuits or faulty wiring in the HVAC could also shut down the power to the thermostat.
That’s because these systems have a built-in safety switch that cuts off the power in case of a problem. A good rule of thumb is checking if the entire house has power.
If it is daytime and the weather is good, you might not have noticed that there’s an outage or blown a fuse.
What thermostat wires should have power?
When figuring out how to test thermostat wires for power, remember to go back and shut down the power to the entire property. Next, remove the face-plate and examine the bunch of cables behind it. You’ll see red wires, also called R wires or Hot wires as explained above.
The R wire connects to the furnace while the RH stands for heating and RC is for cooling. You will also see a C wire or a common wire in thermostat connected to the appropriate terminal.
These wires should have power for the circuit to complete and ensure that your thermostat is fully functional. If any of the cables are dislodged or loose, you might notice that there’s no power to thermostat wires.
How do I restore the power to my thermostat?
Exercise extreme caution if you’re trying to fix the problem as a DIY project. You can follow the steps and options outlined in the previous sections. However, it is always advisable to call in the experts like a professional technician or electrician. Before you start working, here’s a checklist you can use.
Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs
Your thermostat can also wear out in 10 to 20 years like all other electronic devices. If there’s no power to thermostat wires, replacing the entire gadget could be a better option.
More advanced brands and versions now come with Wi-Fi compatibility. You can control the temperature of your home or office space using a phone app.
Investing in a smart thermostat can translate into significant savings on power and gas bills.
Oftentimes, corroded and rusty wires are ineffective for relaying the charge. And that can result in your thermostat not getting power.
If you replace them entirely, the problem should sort itself. Also, look for any nails and signs of other damage like cracks or chips affecting your thermostat’s functionality.
Accumulated dust and debris can also interfere with adequate power reaching the device to work.
While this question may not directly relate to why there’s no power to thermostat wires, you may want to check if it is placed in the right location in your home.
The thermostat’s primary function is to sense the ambient temperature and turn on or off the HVAC systems. That’s how the device ensures that the required temperature is maintained according to your settings.
But, the thermostat may not function properly if it is too high or low on the wall. Or close to a window or door that opens frequently and catches the air from the exterior of the building.
When you start to shop around for HVAC systems and thermostats, you’ll find an incredible variety of brands, models, and configurations.
If you have recently invested in a new HVAC system or smart thermostat, chances are that the devices are not compatible. Unless you intend to change the entire system, you may want to check if the new appliances will work with the old ones before purchasing.
As explained above, the thermostat draws power from the HVAC system. If the two devices are not compatible, that could be the reason why there’s no power to thermostat wires.
If the display screen on the device goes blank, that’s a clear indication that it is not functioning, possibly because it is not receiving power.
Yes. The thermostat is an electronic device and needs to be powered with batteries or a power line from the HVAC or furnace.
You can power the thermostat with batteries or run a line from the furnace or HVAC systems. Most thermostats are powered by the 24 volts from the transformer. This transformer is located inside your HVAC equipment.
You need not worry about thermostat wires electrocuting you since they have a very low voltage. However, the other cables in the circuit are dangerous and can shock you if you’re not careful.
Many of our readers may want to know how to check thermostat voltage.
The simplest way is to use a multimeter to give you the correct reading. Set the reading to Volts and AC and test the voltage coming down to the thermostat.
Place the red pin on the R terminal and then place the black on the C terminal. If the multimeter registers anywhere from 25V to 27V, you’ll know that your smart thermostat is all set and working in perfect condition.
And that concludes our post on how to figure out why there’s no power to thermostat wires.