Contemporary homes increasingly rely on smart technology, necessitating the need to connect IoT device over internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is essentially a communication network that links all the appliances and devices in your home. Commercial spaces also adopt IoT protocols for increased efficiency and productivity. If you’ve been wondering how remote connect IoT over the internet works, read ahead for more detailed information. 

Different Ways to Connect IoT device Over Internet

How Does the IoT Function?

The IoT connects the devices in a location and enables the exchange of regular information and data. That’s how devices and humans can communicate freely, and you can relay instructions and settings to the different home appliances. 

This communication takes place over the Wi-Fi, wireless Bluetooth systems, and Ethernet cables linking the devices directly to the router. 

The most critical aspect of IoT is efficient and uninterrupted connectivity that defines how well your end-to-end IoT functions. The Internet of Things communicates via hundreds of different protocols or languages. 

Several factors influence the protocol you’ll choose to connect IoT devices over internet. Like, for instance:

  • Estimated power input for running the entire network
  • Types and number of devices linked to the IoT
  • Location of the devices and distance from the hub
  • Kind of communication relayed between the devices
  • Installation and maintenance costs for the IoT
  • Deco M5 can cover homes up to 5,500 square feet. No dead zone anymore.
  • Secure Wi-Fi Mesh Network
  • Works with Alexa

Which devices are used to connect IoT devices to home network?

Although the systems that connect IoT devices over the internet vary in structure, they essentially have some basic components. You will need these software and hardware to connect IoT devices over internet

  1. IoT device is the central hub of your home that connects to the internet and transmits data. Some great examples include Google Home Voice Controller, Amazon EchoApple HomeKit, and Samsung SmartThings.
  2. Application protocols are the languages in which the devices communicate with one another.
  3. Communication devices include Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and Ethernet cables.
  4. The network server remains inside the cloud data center. This server accepts commands and data and transmits it back to the internet.
  5. Gateways are responsible for linking local device networks to the internet server by converting the information into relevant protocols. Gateways process the information to ensure that the devices understand the commands or messages you send. 
  6. Cloud applications work like a bridge or translator that processes IoT data into information that humans can use.
  7. In case you opt to use an Ethernet cable, you’ll need adequate lengths of wiring to connect the various appliances.
  8. The user interface is the application’s appearance on the mobile phone or any other device like a tablet or laptop. This interface enables you to change settings according to specifications. The app then relays the commands to the IoT appliances. 

How to connect iot device over internet?

If you have a question in mind that how do iot devices communicate then read next to know the answer.

how do iot devices communicate

Using Wi-Fi Networks to Access IoT Device Over Internet

Wi-Fi networks are possibly the most popular ways to connect IoT devices over the internet. Wi-Fi connectivity technology has the highest throughput and capacity compared to other options.

Although Wi-Fis use more power than your average Bluetooth system, they are more reliable and scalable. You can receive signals to your mobile devices and relay signals that penetrate barriers like walls and objects.

Your Wi-Fi system’s range will depend on factors like the antenna, location, and power of transmission. The typical range of a standard Wi-Fi is 50 meters, achievable with a performance standard of 802.11b. If you need more extensive ranges like 90 meters, you’ll go with the 802.11ac version.

Installing Wi-Fi Communication Systems

You’ll need two main pieces of hardware to get the Wi-Fi system running. For starters, you’ll create the wireless local area network (LAN) by connecting to a home wireless network. Next, you’ll need to ensure your hub has a WI-Fi-enabled chip with a micro-controller.

Micro-controllers function like mini computers and carry components like an input/output (I/O), memory, and processor. Also, make sure that the hub has a compatible antenna that picks up signals from your Wi-Fi network. 

Homeowners can use their Wi-Fi systems to run a whole range of domestic appliances. Smart home solutions include your Smart TV, HVAC and climate control systems, smart lighting, voice-activated electronic devices, and cooking appliances.

You can also integrate smart fridges and water and power metering with the hub. Home security devices are also compatible, and that’s how you use Wi-Fi to connect IoT devices over the internet

Using Satellite or Cellular Networks to Access the Internet

Cellular connectivity is possibly one of the cheapest and most efficient ways to connect IoT devices over the internet. Cellular options are more effective since they connect to satellites and use the nearest broadcast towers to communicate.

In IoT terms, cellular or satellite connectivity is called “Machine to Machine” communication. Considering that these towers have a range of 10 to 15 miles, connecting with IoT devices is much easier. 

Unlike Wi-Fis, which have a limited range, cellulars function with your typical SIM or eSIM card. In other words, you’ll relay commands to your appliances via your cell network. This option to enable remote connect IoT over internet is very reliable and provides universal compatibility.

Cellular connectivity does come with a couple of downsides. For one, this networking option has a high power consumption rate and is not exactly cost-effective. Further, any commands you send must route via satellites to reach your appliances.

Connecting to the Internet via Ethernet Cable to Remote Connect iot over Internet

Although using wireless methods to connect IoT device over internet seems convenient, there are several downsides. For instance, Wi-Fi connections have a limited range, and when you need to integrate multiple appliances, that’s a problem.

Further, you might need higher bandwidth and speeds that could weaken as the distance to the appliances increases. A good way to get around the problem is to use Ethernet cables. 

Should you opt to go with this option, you can expect great speeds thanks to the latest fiber optic cable technology. Though, the standard DSL cables or standard phone lines are also efficient. Your home appliances will communicate directly with the central hub via an Ethernet cable.

This option assures you of reliability, and modern-day homes have a cable network running through the walls. You can directly plug your appliances into the wall Ethernet jack and link it to the home automation or IoT. That’s how you can access IoT device over the internet.

This information should give you an overview of the different options available to connect IoT device over internet. Let’s answer a few of the most commonly asked questions users have.

  • Google Wifi gives you whole home coverage.
  • Parental controls let you manage screen time.
  • Works with all Google Wifi points and can be added to any existing Nest Wifi system

Which mobile technology is applicable for IoT? Bluetooth!

Most smartphones today use Bluetooth technology for short-range communication. The more advanced versions like Bluetooth Mesh and Bluetooth low energy (BLE) enable you to use your smartphone or Android like a hub.

So, you might say that Bluetooth is the best mobile technology for IoT. Smartphones use the “Bluetooth Terminal” app, though the “BT Voice Control for Android” is also compatible with it. You’ll download and install the Bluetooth interface and send commands to your appliances by configuring settings on the app. 

If you choose to adopt the BT voice App, it receives your voice commands in human English. Next, it converts the message into protocols and sends the message over to the configured device. It will interest you to know that these protocols are in the form of numbers.

The app assigns each number to a different appliance and relates numeric commands like “On” or “Off.” Modern-day Bluetooth consumes very little power, and users can use this communication type to manage a range of personal devices.

Wearable health devices like smartwatches and health and fitness gadgets also enable remote connect IoT over the internet. For instance, a pulse oximeter to measure the user’s oxygen saturation in their blood. Or glucose meters to continuously measure blood sugar levels. Then, there are wearable devices that relay a constant reading of the user’s blood pressure and heart rate. 

What is F IoT? 

The scientific definition for FIoT is “An agent-based framework for self-adaptive and self-organizing applications based on the Internet of Things.” The full form is Framework for IoT (FIoT) and includes two main applications such as Quantified Things and Smart traffic control.

FIoT determines the entire framework of the IoT when it encompasses a large number of appliances interacting with each other. Since it becomes difficult to control all the devices from a single hub, new approaches are applied that use machine learning and multiple agent systems.

Can a refrigerator be on the IoT? 

Yes, like all smart appliances, you can add your refrigerator to the home automation network.

Can a smart fridge be hacked? 

Users should be aware of the possibility of hackers using malware to spread viruses into their home automation systems. There have been instances where hackers broke into the IoT to steal sensitive PII or Personally Identifiable Information.

Several different options are now available to you to connect IoT device over internet. Choose the connectivity systems that suit your needs and enter into the world of smart tech. 

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/
  2. https://www.infoworld.com/