Certain industries are changing the world as we know it. One of these groundbreaking trends is the evolution of iot in automotive industry. Developers are now able to bring advanced themes to vehicles, enabling them to do much more than meet our traditional automotive needs.
How we got IoT in automotive industry
The 90′ and 00′ marked a turning point in the development of automotive security. The widespread use of computer systems in vehicles and their integration into other systems has become increasingly important. More and more vehicle manufacturers implement electronic security concepts to protect vehicle occupants.
The development of embedded security has followed various paths with security being a leading aspect. The iDIN project (Integrated Design for Internet Connectivity and Navigation) is one of the best-known projects in this area.
The iDIN project has seen the development and implementation of vehicle security concepts such as electronic immobilizers and cryptography in vehicles. The security concept incorporates encryption into existing vehicle structures, including CAN networks. In particular, iDIN offers security solutions for authenticating vehicles and vehicles’ occupants.
iDIN’s vehicle authentication concept is based on a dual-key system. The first key is the vehicle key for starting the engine and unlock doors. The second is the driver’s smart card is for integrating into the vehicle’s onboard network. It is encoded with a 16-byte key sequence. The AES key is encrypted with a 128-byte key sequence that is stored in the smart card.
Connected infotainment system – Automotive iot
Then, the infotainment era in the automotive world started in the 2010s. This started with the 2009 launch of the Apple Car Play and Android Auto. These enable smartphone integration for Apple CarPlay and Android respectively.
The use of various apps, such as Google Maps, was well received by the automotive community. Since then, they have seen many variations and improvements with iot in automotive industry.
What’s happening now in automotive iot
Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)
These technologies include everything from lane-keeping systems to collision warnings to automatic emergency braking. They make life easier for drivers, but they can also help reduce accidents and save lives.
Telematics – IoT in automobile industry
Telematics involves using your smartphone and your car’s onboard computer to track your driving behavior. The Telematics enables vehicles to send information to a central database. The information is used to improve drivers’ behavior or to give them incentives to change their driving habits. This is one of the best applications of iot in automotive industry.
Connected cars internet of things
Some cars are already connected, like models from General Motors, Toyota, and Ford. These vehicles send information to the cloud, where it is analyzed and used to improve drivers’ behavior, or it can be used to enhance onboard systems to increase performance.
Entertainment – IoT in automobiles
Connected cars iot allow drivers to get directions, find parking, and listen to music, and they can also stream movies, TV shows, games, and apps.
What’s next for Automotive IoT?
The automobile’s original design is for machines to be operated by humans.
Today, the automobile is designed to operate itself, or at least be assisted with autonomous driving technology (AHT).
New services, applications, and business models are emerging that leverage AHT. AHT is at the early stages of adoption but will be an important part of future automotive transportation. Here are some of the trends we’re seeing:
- Will help reduce accidents and probably accidents related to distracted driving.
- Will make transportation more convenient and comfortable, enabling people to live more freely and enjoy their commute.
- Can help solve congestion issues in urban areas, by enabling vehicles to communicate with each other and with infrastructure.
- Will add new sources of revenue for auto insurance companies.
The level of adoption will depend on government regulation. It’s already legal for cars to drive themselves on certain roads in limited situations, and that’s likely to grow. Government mandates probably won’t come until there are proven safety benefits, and until regulations are in place that protect drivers.
In the meantime, automakers are investing in AHT. General Motors, for example, bought Cruise Automation last year, and Ford acquired Argo this year. New companies are emerging focused on applying AHT to other industries, such as logistics.
The pace of change in the automotive industry is rapid, but AHT is likely to become an important part of future transportation, which will lead to more efficient cities, safer roads, and new business models.
Remote diagnostics and service using IoT in automotive industry
Remote car diagnostics and services will have a major role to play in the future of the iot in automotive industry. The industry is already moving in that direction, with companies like Amazon and Google already looking into ways to bring car maintenance into the digital age.
Automotive technology has traditionally revolved around bringing new features to the driving experience, but going forward, companies are likely to put a greater emphasis on improving safety and customer experience through remote maintenance and service.
In addition, an increasing number of car companies are in the process of installing diagnostic devices in their models to provide technicians with information about problems and repairs before they even leave the dealer’s forecourt. Some insurance companies are already offering remote car services and roadside assistance to their customers.
In the future, we’ll be seeing even more companies rolling out their programs. For example, Volvo’s 2017 XC90 will be compatible with Amazon’s Dash Replenishment service, which will automatically order more fuel, windshield wiper fluid, or air filters as they run out.
For now, the biggest hurdle facing companies looking to roll out remote car services is training the staff to work efficiently with remote diagnostics.
Final thoughts on Automotive IoT
The iot in automotive industry is going through an interesting time. The modern car is a technology powerhouse, and the ways it interacts with us and the world around us is improving by leaps and bounds. But the older generations of vehicles also possess many technologies that are still relevant today, such as in-car entertainment systems and telematics systems. To take advantage of these existing technologies, the auto industry needs a new kind of device.
Automotive IoT is an emerging technology that improves traditional telematics systems by embedding IoT functionality into vehicles.